Profile Diagnosis of osteoporosis
A bone profile is a test complex that assess the concentration of minerals and vitamins needed to maintain healthy bones and joints. Early detection of violations in their structure allows implementing procedures that will reverse or slow down the process of destruction.
Bone is a hard, solid formation that is the main element of the human skeleton, which is the support of the entire body. The balance of the amount of calcium ions from which bone tissue is formed is mainly influenced by vitamin D3 and the hormones of the parathyroid gland (parathyroid hormone) and thyroid gland (calcitonin). All the processes that regulate the absorption of ions in the intestines, the secretion of hormones by the glands and, as a result, a change in the concentration of any of the above substances can cause increased bone destruction.
One of the most well-known bone diseases is osteoporosis, a progressive disease characterized by abnormal architecture, weight loss, and impaired bone strength. In particular, after menopause, when the level of estrogen decreases, the rate of bone destruction exceeds the rate of bone formation.
The aim of the study
This complex is recommended for preventive or regular control of the bone system state, in particular for the diagnosis and treatment control of diseases associated with bone loss, such as:
- osteomalacia (adults) and rickets (children) – insufficient bone mineralization, often due to vitamin D or calcium deficiency
- osteoporosis - a decrease in the mineral density of bone tissue, usually in case of women due to smoking and premature menopause
- Paget's disease - reconstruction of the bone structure, coexistence of foci of ossification and destruction in one bone.
- hyperparathyroidism - excessive secretion of parathyroid hormone stimulates the release of calcium from bones
- hyperthyroidism – increased bone turnover is the result of an increased rate of metabolism
- at rest chronic kidney disease - causes the accumulation of phosphate in the body and lack of activation of vitamin D3 to its active form, which increases the rate of bone remodeling cancer that has spread to the bone long immobilization excessive use or high doses of glucocorticoids malabsorption syndrome - in particular, calcium in the intestines autoimmune diseases - often affecting the joints, for example, rheumatoid arthritis, increase the risk of vitamin D deficiency
Testing should be done immediately if bone loss is detected during a bone mineral density test.