The profile of the pancreas is a complex of diagnostic tests, which allows you to assess the functioning of the pancreas and possible early detection of problems associated with its disorders.
The pancreas is an organ that is part of the human digestive system. It is located on the left side, under the lower ribs. The pancreas performs several important functions that affect both the process of food digestion and the subsequent metabolism of substances obtained from food. After all, it produces digestive enzymes (as part of the so-called pancreatic juice) and hormones that are released into the blood.
The most important hormones produced by the pancreas are insulin and glucagon. They regulate the level of sugar (glucose) in the blood, which is a source of energy for all body cells. Violation of the level of these hormones leads to the development of diabetes. Other abnormalities in the functioning of the pancreas can lead to severe complications, both sudden and violent (in the case of acute pancreatitis - AP), and chronic (in the case of pancreatitis or chronic pancreatitis).
The aim of the testing
Due to the key role of the pancreas in the process of converting food into energy, it is extremely important to take care of the health of this organ. It is the diagnosis of many biochemical indicators of blood that makes it possible to better determine the causes of pancreas diseases and carry out appropriate treatment.
The tests included in the pancreatic profile give a complete picture of the levels of enzymes and hormones related to the functioning of the pancreas, and detecting their disorders is the first step to treating the patient's diseases. Symptoms of such diseases are not always obvious. The risk group prone to their occurrence includes people who are obese, drink alcohol, have an imbalance of fats in the blood, and have concomitant gallstone disease.
Symptoms of diseases of the pancreas are:
- pain in the upper part of the abdomen, radiating into the finger
- nausea and vomiting
- loss of appetite
- fever, chills
- cardiac arrhythmia
- greasy stool
If these symptoms appear suddenly, you should see a doctor as soon as possible and undergo further tests, as this may be acute pancreatitis, which should be treated as soon as possible.
In addition to the symptoms described above, all the symptoms of diseases that are a consequence of pancreatic dysfunction, such as diabetes or atherosclerosis, can be observed.